Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, happens when the body's immune system reacts to bacteria that has collected on the teeth and gums. This is not uncommon; gum disease affects as many as 65 million American adults, and Dr. Ryan Allen sees patients at Station Park Dental in Farmington, UT, who are dealing with it. If you're concerned that your gums might be at risk for periodontal disease, here are some facts about symptoms and treatment.
How do I know if I have periodontal disease?
One of the first signs of periodontal disease is bleeding when brushing or flossing. The gums may also appear reddish-colored and swollen around the edges. This is what's known as gingivitis, the milder form of periodontal disease. As gingivitis advances into periodontitis, the gums begin to recede and uncover the roots, leading to uncomfortable sensitivity. Without intervention from your Farmington dentist, the bone underneath the gums becomes affected; the bone will recede and tooth loss is possible.
What can be done for periodontal disease?
A discussion with your Farmington dentist will help determine if your dental hygiene routine at home needs some tweaking. A soft-bristled toothbrush and flexible flossing picks can help remove plaque more effectively. You may also need a medicated mouthwash to help keep bacteria at bay. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed as well. You can also be scheduled for a cleaning session at Station Park Dental; this is called scaling and root planing and sometimes includes an application of antibiotics. For periodontitis, surgery to help regenerate or replace the gum and bone tissue may be necessary.
Contact Station Park Dental in Farmington, UT, for all of your dental needs. Dr. Ryan Allen and his staff look forward to helping you achieve your best dental health.